Hearing loss: Different types of hearing loss

There are different types of hearing loss and deafness. Under these preambles differentiated forms are summarized, which have to be treated each and diagnosed for themselves.

Conductive hearing loss

As conductive hearing all issues are known to be related to the outer or inner ear and prevent proper sound transmission. In conductive hearing loss, it usually comes to a mild to moderate hearing loss, ranging from 25 decibels to 65 decibels. In some cases, conductive hearing loss and the associated hearing loss only of a temporary nature and by a drug treatment or by surgery to fix it. If any symptoms, so can also be created with a hearing aid remedy. A middle ear implant or a bone conduction implant can sometimes compensate for the hearing loss.

Sensorineural hearing loss

The sensorineural hearing loss is due to corrupted or missing sensory cells (hair cells) in the cochlea of ​​the ear. This disorder is also known as sensorineural hearing loss and is usually temporary. This hearing impairment ranging from mild through moderate to severe or profound hearing. Here are hearing aids adequate helper, to compensate for the hearing loss. Which hearing aid is right, should always be taken together with otolaryngologist and audiologist based the individual needs and personal requirements. Generally speaking, for almost all hearing loss can find a suitable device. A proportion hearing specialist of those affected reported that the sensorineural hearing loss occurs only at high frequencies. This expression is medically referred to as “partial hearing loss”.

Partial hearing loss

The partial hearing loss is caused by that only the hair cells exhibit at the base of Chochlea damage. In Apex, the innermost part of the cochlea, the hair cells to no damage. The part of the hair cells, which is for processing the low tones (bass) responsible is intact. To handle these cases, the “Electric Acoustic Stimulation (EAS) has been developed.

Combined hearing

When mixed hearing is present in both a conductive hearing loss and a sensorineural hearing loss. Therefore, this expression is also called “mixed hearing”. The reason for the mixed hearing loss may be problems in the outer and middle ear as well as problems in the inner ear. Through surgery, the use of modern hearing aids, medications or middle ear hearing implant and bone conduction implants these patients is good to help.

Sensorineural hearing loss

Sensorineural hearing loss describes two problems that have different causes. Firstly, there is a loss of neural hearing sense to the auditory nerve and the other to a loss of sensory hearing sense of the inner ear. The causes can be acquired or congenital (inborn hereditary). The kogenitale hearing loss refers to a health and congenital disorder in infants. This disorder can be hereditary or caused by abnormal development in the early Fötusphasen.